If you are entitled to subsidiary protection, you will be given a residence permit for one year. The residence permit is extended by the immigration authority upon application. Only if your protection status is revoked by the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) is it possible for the immigration authority to refuse to extend the residence permit.
If there is evidence that your country of origin will not issue you a passport, you will be given a substitute identification document. But you cannot use it to travel abroad. For trips abroad you will need a German travel document for foreigners. The immigration authority will issue you with such a document only if you can prove that you made every effort to obtain a passport issued by your home country but were unsuccessful.
The residence permit allows you to work in Germany. In addition, you are entitled to social welfare benefits according to the German Social Code II (“SGB II”). This also includes health insurance. If you are ill, you can go directly to a doctor with the health card issued by the insurance company (further information). You have to file the application for social welfare benefits at the job center.
You are obliged to participate in an integration course. The costs for this are paid by the job center.
The right to family reunion is currently suspended in the case of subsidiary protection. This means that it is currently not possible for your spouse and your minor children to relocate to Germany to join you.
The earliest you can obtain a permanent residence title (settlement permit) is after you have been working and paying pension contributions in Germany for five years. Among other things you must also provide evidence of B1-level German language skills.